The Historical Rohtas Fort World Heritage Site in Pakistan


The Rohtas Fort Fort UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan Jhelum Punjab Pakistan.  

The Fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire between 1541 and 1548.The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. This fort is about 4 km in circumference.
The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia.

Ø Location
Rohtas Fort  was Build in 16th-century located near Dina  the Tesil of district Jhelum in The province of Punjab Pakistani.
Ø History Background
Sher Shah Suri
The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. The Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal emperor Humayun, and refused to accept the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri,The fort occupies a strategic position between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab, and was intended to prevent the Mughal emperor from returning to India.It took eight years to built the fort, it was captured by Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555. Rohtas was also occasionally used for administrative purposes by the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh after he captured it in 1825.
Ø Rohtas Fort  Gates
The Rohtas Fort has 12 gates, Sohail Gate, Shah Chandwali Gate,Kabuli Gate, Shishi Gate, Langar Khani Gate, Talaqi Gate, Mori or Kashmiri Gate, Khwas Khani Gate, Gatali Gate, Tulla Mori Gate, Pipalwala Gate, Sar Gate, all of them are built in ashlar stone.

     Ø Shahi Mosque   


 A small mosque is near the Kabuli gate.It  has a prayer chamber and a small courtyard.
It is the most decorated of the original buildings of the fort.this very beautiful Mosque in fort.
Ø Rani Mahal

The Rani Mahal is near Haveli Man Singh. It is a one storey structure. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. The foundation of the four rooms can still be seen today.
Ø Maqbara Khair un Nisa

Outside the Langar Khani Gate is the tomb of a lady called Khair Un Nisa. She was the daughter of the food minister named Qadir Bukhsh. She died here and was buried in this tomb but she was later moved to Sasaram.Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. This road had serais about a mile apart. One of these is about one mile north of the Rohtas Fort. It is in a fair state of preservation.
Ø Condition of the Fort

Most of the fort is in a very good condition. In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction.The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently.The Gatali Gate forms one of the original entrances to Rohtas. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations.
In early 2005, seepage, heavy rains, and general neglect caused the left inner face of the Talaqi Gate to collapse, and the right flank and foundation to become detached from the original structure.
Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia.

No comments